The elementary modules of RNA & how to detect them

Speaker

Eric Westhof, PhD

Date

November 8, 2011, 12:00 pm – 1:00 pm

Location

GCIS
W301/W303

Description

IBDI-SM The elementary modules of RNA & how to detect them

Submitting Unit:
Institute for Biophysical Dynamics
Type of Event: Seminar
Date of Event: Tuesday, November 8 2011
Start Time: 12:00 PM
End Time: 1:00 PM
Building: Gordon Center for Integrative Science, Room W301/303

Name of Series, Lectureship, Ceremony:
Interdisciplinary Research Seminar

Title of talk or presentation:
The elementary modules of RNA & how to detect them

Speaker’s Name and Degrees:
Eric Westhof, PhD

Speaker’s Institutional Affiliation:
Institut de Biologie Moléculaire et Cellulaire, Université de Strasbourg

Description:
Institute for Biophysical Dynamics Seminar Series.
ABSTRACT: RNA molecules are characterized by the formation of hydrogen bonded pairs between the nucleotide bases along the polymer. All base-base interactions present in nucleic acids can be classified in twelve families where each family is a 4x4 matrix of the usual bases. The common Watson-Crick pairs belong to one of these families and the other eleven families gather the non-Watson-Crick pairs. The Watson-Crick pairs forms the secondary structure and all the other families are critical for the tertiary structure. RNA architecture can then be viewed as the hierarchical assembly of preformed double-stranded helices defined by Watson-Crick base pairs and RNA modules maintained by non-Watson-Crick base pairs. RNA modules are recurrent ensemble of ordered non-Watson-Crick base pairs. The geometrical constraints attached to each base pairing family explain the surprising molecular neutrality observed in sequences and structures during biological evolution. Through systematic comparisons between homologous sequences and x-ray structures, followed by automatic clustering, the whole range of sequence diversity in recurrent RNA modules has been characterized. These data permitted the construction of a computational pipeline for identifying known 3D structural modules in single and multiple RNA sequences in the absence of any other information. Any module can in principle be searched, but four can be searched automatically: the G-bulged loop, the Kink-turn, the C-loop and the tandem GA loop. The present pipeline can be used for RNA 2D structure refinement, 3D model assembly, and for searching and annotating structured RNAs in genomic data.


Contact Name:
Julie Feder

Contact Email:
jfeder@uchicago.edu

Contact Phone:
4-2846

Latest News

Start-up founded by IGSB faculty wins $250,000 Polsky Center award

BiomeSense, a startup developing biosensors that can detect particular kinds of bacteria in patients’ feces that could help improve the efficacy of clinical trials, won the University of Chicago’s Innovation Fund finals and an investment of up to $250,000 from the college.

Massive data analysis shows what drives the spread of flu in the US

Models built with data from health claims, weather, geography and Twitter predict how the flu spreads from the south and southeastern coast

Subscribe to RSS Feed